In Banda Aceh, Indonesia, 200,000 homes were washed away, most of them built without property titles.
When the water receded from Nam Khem, Thailand, a well-connected tycoon rushed in to grab the valuable beachfront. The survivors of the 50 families that had occupied the shore for a decade protested, but they didn't have legally documented property rights to back up their claims.
That is the case with the majority of people in the developing and ex-Soviet world, where legal systems are inaccessible to most of the poor.
Also, check out the links provided by the ILD for more cool stuff.